Muzej Predjama - Muzejski zbirki "Pri stari dami"

Muzejski zbirki "Pri stari dami"
1. svetovna vojna in lovska zbirka

Predjama 13, 6230 Postojna, Slovenia
(Where We are? - location on the map)

Tel.: +386 41 730 690

E-mail: info@muzej-predjama.si

OPENING TIMES:
January, February, March: 10:00 - 16:00
April, May, June, October, November, December: 10:00 - 19:00
July, August, September: 10:00 - 20:00

Spletna stran je v izdelavi.  /  Web site is under construction.  /  Il sito web e in costruzione.

Collection of First World War – Isonzo Front

The First World War began on 28th July 1914 and lasted till 11th November 1918. After the conflict on Balkans among Austria-Hungary and Serbia spread into the war of world extensions all main empires of that time and their allies got involved in the hostilities. Already many years before the war two opposite sides were established, Triple Entente and Central Powers, and they competed for economic, political, military and colonial domination in Europe and in the world. The Entente was an alliance among France, Russia and Great Britain whilst the Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Later on the Entente was joined by Japan, Italy, Rumania, Greece and USA whilst the Central Powers by Turkey and Bulgaria.

The way of fighting and the new weapons caused that the soldiers were dying in masses in the position combats which were not bringing the bigger front movements and in the same time also the civil population suffered a lot. The casualties of soldiers and civilians are estimated to exceed 37 million of dead, wounded and missing soldiers and among these 10 million soldiers and 7 million civilians died.

After the association of Italy to the Triple Entente and its war declaration to Austria-Hungary on 23rd May 1915 about 600 Km long South-Western Front was formed. Its eastern part was Isonzo Front between Rombon and Adriatic Sea in the length of about 90 Km. In twenty nine months of fights, from May 1915 till October 1918, 12 offensives took place here, eleven Italian but the last one, the twelfth, was effected in common by German and Austro-Hungarian armies with the successful breakthrough at Kobarid and the retreat of Italian army to new positions on river Piave. According to the estimations about 300.000 soldiers and the big number of civil population died on Isonzo Front on both sides.

During the First World War Postojna was till the movement of front line to the river Piave important military center where Svetozar Boroević von Bojna, commander of Isonzo Army, had his headquarters.
The collection consists of exhibits which originate mostly from the territory of Isonzo Front and are the fruits of many years’ collecting.

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